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Title:Éthique À Nicomaque
Format Type:Ebook
Author:Aristotle, Roger-Pol Droit
ISBN 13:
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Category:Philosophy, Politics, Ancient, College

Éthique À Nicomaque by Aristotle, Roger-Pol Droit

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Éthique À Nicomaque The Nicomachean Ethics is a name normally given to Aristotle s best known work on ethics The English version of the title derives from Greek transliterated Ethika Nikomacheia which is sometimes also given in the genitive form as Ethik n Nikomachei n The Latin translations are thica Nicomach a or De Moribus ad Nicomachum The work which plays a preeminent role in defining Aristotelian ethics consists of books originally separate scrolls amp is understood to be based on notes from his lectures at the Lyceum which were either edited by or dedicated to his son Nicomachus The theme of the work is the Socratic question which had previously been explored by Plato of how to best live Aristotle s Metaphysics described how Socrates turned philosophy to human questions whereas PreSocratic philosophy had only been theoretical Ethics now separated out for discussion is practical rather than theoretical in the Aristotelian senses of these terms It isn t only a contemplation about good living but also aims to create good living It s therefore connected to Aristotle s other practical work Politics which similarly aims at people becoming good However ethics is about how individuals should live while the study of politics is from the perspective of a law giver looking at the good of a whole community


What is the relationship of the individual to the state What is the ideal state and how can it bring about the most desirable life for its citizens What sort of education should it provide What is the purpose of amassing wealth These are some of the questions Aristotle attempts to answer in one of the most intellectually stimulating works br Both heavily influenced by and critical of Plato s i Republic and Laws i i Politics i represents the distillation of a lifetime of thought and observation Encyclopaedic knowledge has never before or since gone hand in hand with a logic so masculine or with speculation so profound says H W C Davis in his introduction Students teachers and scholars will welcome this inexpensive new edition of the Benjamin Jowett translation as will all readers interested in Greek thought political theory and depictions of the ideal state

The Nicomachean Ethics

i One swallow does not make a summer neither does one day Similarly neither can one day or a brief space of time make a man blessed and happy i br br In the i Nicomachean Ethics i Aristotle sets out to examine the nature of happiness He argues that happiness consists in activity of the soul in accordance with virtue for example with moral virtues such as courage generosity and justice and intellectual virtues such as knowledge wisdom and insight i The Ethics i also discusses the nature of practical reasoning the value and the objects of pleasure the different forms of friendship and the relationship between individual virtue society and the State Aristotle s work has had a profound and lasting influence on all subsequent Western thought about ethical matters br br J A K Thomson s translation has been revised by Hugh Tredennick and is accompanied by a new introduction by Jonathan Barnes This edition also includes an updated list for further reading and a new chronology of Aristotle s life and works br br Previously published as i Ethics i


Metaphysics Greek is one of the principal works of Aristotle amp the first major work of the branch of philosophy with the same name The principal subject is being qua being or being understood as being It examines what can be asserted about anything that exists just because of its existence amp not because of any special qualities it has Also covered are different kinds of causation form amp matter the existence of mathematical objects amp a prime mover God


i The plot is the source and the soul of tragedy i br br In his near contemporary account of Greek tragedy Aristotle examines the dramatic elements of plot character language and spectacle that combine to produce pity and fear in the audience and asks why we derive pleasure from this apparently painful process Taking examples from the plays of Aeschylus Sophocles and Euripides The Poetics introduces into literary criticism such central concepts as i mimesis i imitation i hamartia i error and i katharsis i purification Aristotle explains how the most effective tragedies rely on complication and resolution recognition and reversals centring on characters of heroic stature idealized yet true to life One of the most powerful perceptive and influential works of criticism in Western literary history the i Poetics i has informed serious thinking about drama ever since br br Malcolm Heath s lucid English translation makes the i Poetics i fully accessible to the modern reader It is accompanied by an extended introduction which discusses the key concepts in detail and includes suggestions for further reading

De Anima

i The soul is so to speak the first principle of living things We seek to contemplate and know its nature and substance i br br For the Pre Socratic philosophers the soul was the source of movement and sensation while for Plato it was the seat of being metaphysically distinct from the body that it was forced temporarily to inhabit Plato s student Aristotle was determined to test the truth of both these beliefs against the emerging sciences of logic and biology His examination of the huge variety of living organisms the enormous range of their behaviour their powers and their perceptual sophistication convinced him of the inadequacy both of a materialist reduction and of a Platonic sublimation of the soul In De Anima he sought to set out his theory of the soul as the ultimate reality of embodied form and produced both a masterpiece of philosophical insight and a psychology of perennially fascinating subtlety br br Hugh Lawson Tancred s masterly translation makes i De Anima i fully accessible to modern readers In his introduction he places Aristotle s theories at the heart of contemporary debates on the philosophy of life and being


For many centuries Aristotle s Physics was the essential starting point for anyone who wished to study the natural sciences Now in the first translation into English since Aristotle s thought is presented accurately with a lucid introduction and extensive notes to explain the general structure of each section of the book and shed light on particular problems It simplifies and expands the style of the original making for easier reading and better comprehension

The Complete Works: The Revised Oxford Translation, Vol. 1

The Oxford Translation of Aristotle was originally published in volumes between amp It is universally recognized as the standard English version of Aristotle This revised edition contains the substance of the original translation slightly emended in light of recent scholarship three of the original versions have been replaced by new translations and a new and enlarged selection of Fragments has been added The aim of the translation remains the same to make the surviving works of Aristotle readily accessible to English speaking readers

The Art of Rhetoric

Few if any writers in history have made major contributions to as many fields of knowledge as Aristotle br p If there are two definitive features of ancient Greek civilization writes Hugh Lawson Tancred in his wide ranging Introduction they are articulacy and competition In the city states oratorical competence was an essential asset for politicians in the Assemblies and Councils and even for ordinary citizens in the courts of law In response the technique of rhetoric rapidly developed bringing virtuoso performances and a host of practical manuals for the layman Yet if many of these were little more than collections of debaters tricks the hugely influential i Art of Rhetoric i has a far deeper purpose It is here that Aristotle B C establishes the methods of informal reasoning provides the first aesthetic evaluation of prose style and offers detailed observations on character and the emotions Persuasiveness suggests Lawson Tancred becomes for the first time a systematic and even scientific exercise it can indeed be taught but only by a deep grasp of some of the most central features of human nature His fine translation makes freshly available an epoch making work of literary criticism p

The Basic Works of Aristotle

Complete texts br i Physics i tr R P Hardie amp R K Gaye br i On Generation amp Corruption i tr Harold H Joachim br i On the Soul i tr J A Smith br i Metaphysics i tr W D Ross br i Nichomachean Ethics i tr W D Ross br i Politics i tr Benjamin Jowett br i Poetics i tr Ingram Bywater br Texts partly reproduced br i Organon i logical treatises i Categories i i On Interpretation i i Prior i amp i Posterior Analytics i i Topics i amp i On Sophistical Refutations i br i On the Heavens i br i The Short Physical Treatises i natural treatises i On Memory i i On Dreams i amp i On Prophesying by Dreams i br i The History of Animals i br i On The Parts of Animals i br i On The Generation of Animals i br i Rhetoric i br Generally accepted texts omitted entirely br i Meteorology i br i On the Progression of Animals i br i Constitution of Athens i br i Eudemian Ethics i

The Rhetoric & The Poetics of Aristotle

Translated by Rhys Roberts and Ingram Bywater Introduction by Edward P J Corbett

The Rhetoric & The Poetics of Aristotle, Politics, Metaphysics, Physics, The Nicomachean Ethics, Poetics, The Complete Works: The Revised Oxford Translation, Vol. 1, The Basic Works of Aristotle, The Art of Rhetoric, De Anima